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The end of democracy as we know it

Democracy falls over when the community is kept out of matters that affect it;democracy is diminished when the community loses the opportunity to contribute to a vision;it crashes when people become the playthings of leaders,media and commercial interests. Democracy is defeated by cynicism and secrecy,not invasion.

In Australia,those charged with protecting the integrity of democracy are dismantling it. The federal government is signing trade agreements with the US,NZ,Canada,Singapore,Japan,and others,and it is keeping secret the negotiations around Investor-State Dispute Settlement provisions that give corporate interests more rights than Australian citizens. These provisions allow foreign investors to sue our governments – us – if they can show that domestic laws or policies impede their investment and profit-making.

Trade Minister Robb talks of safeguards and ‘carve-outs’ in the agreements which would allow governments to enact laws to protect the well-being of people and the environment. But he dupes Australians when he does this,because the evidence of past and current court cases is in front of him:such carve-outs do not prevent foreign investors from suing governments over environmental legislation!

Acting like corporates themselves,Abbott &Co. are deceptive,slippery and rubbery when it comes to their ‘mandate.’ But they must be clear that they were not elected to cede control of this country to corporations whose sole purpose is profit. The job of government is not to do the bidding of big business.

This government’s feudalistic,top-down,non-consultative,and use-of-fear-and-force approaches diminish our democracy. Their aggressive silence,bullying secrecy,and childish ‘not-gunna-tell-you’ approach arrogantly dismiss the needs,interests and ideas of the people of Australia. They talk about sovereign borders and national interest whilst negotiating away our right to protect ourselves from the plundering behaviours of big business.

The Australian government is signing free trade deals that will chain us and our children to the whim and greed of capitalist dictators.

Read more. Do something about this. Check

What do you think? Phil Smith.

Free Trade Negotiations Threaten Environment,Communities and Democracy

The Australian government is currently negotiating free trade deals with a dozen countries,including US,NZ,Canada,Singapore,Japan. Much of the agenda is driven by powerful US corporate interests whose agenda is to extend and strengthen corporate rights at the expense of citizen rights and to limit the ability of Australian governments to regulate in the public interest. Frightening stuff!

Read more here:

Hear more here at the event on 29 April at the Multi Purpose Centre in Sutherland. Download flyer.

Sutherland –Lock the Gate Film Screening

Title:Sutherland –Lock the Gate Film Screening
Location:Multi-Purpose Centre,Flora Street,Sutherland
Link out:Click here
Description:Sydney’s drinking water catchments and our most productive agricultural land are under threat from coal and coal seam gas. Coal mining is already reducing the quantity and quality of water flowing into Sydney’s dams with 90% of the area covered by licences for coal and coal seam gas.

The Sutherland Shire Environment Centre is hosting a film screening of Lock the Gate’s two new 35 minute documentaries that look at the impact of coal mining and coal seam gas on water,land,biodiversity,communities and health.

The Guest Speaker will be Rick Laird,a fifth generation farmer from Maules Creek,on the Liverpool plains whose livelihood has been threatened by a proposed 17,000,000 tonnes per annum of new coal from the area. He also lives just 40 mins from Santos’coal seam gas expansion into the Pilliga State Forest.

More information
Start Time:18:30

Annual General Meeting 2013

Title:Annual General Meeting
Location:Rainbow Room,Sutherland Entertainment Centre
Description:All welcome. Theme:“Environmentalists of the Future”
Start Time:18:30

Save Our Shire

Visit or contact convenor

Coal Seam Gas –A Summary of Impacts

Image from

This document provides a summary of the impacts of coal seam gas. Further information and links are available through the Stop CSG! Sutherland website

Threats to Water

Mining coal seam gas (CSG) draws contaminated water out of the ground and damages aquifers that we rely on for our drinking water;and fracking uses and directly contaminates large quantities of fresh water.

Coal seams contain water as well as methane gas. So to mine the methane,water has to be drawn out of the coal seam. This produced water is contaminated – it is usually high in salt and can contain toxic and radioactive compounds as well as heavy metals. Further,research shows the concentration of methane in the water can be so high that the water becomes flammable. Indeed,an article in the 2011 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences in the United States of America recognised that it can reach concentrations that pose a potential explosion hazard.

Hydraulic fracturing or fracking is a stimulation process used in CSG mining. It involves the high-pressure injection of large volumes of water (containing sand and chemicals) into the ground to fracture coal. This expands cracks in the coal seams through which the gas can flow.

The CSG industry says a single well takes more than 11 million litres of water to fracture. With 40,000 CSG wells proposed in Queensland alone,and estimates that 80% of wells will be fracked,CSG mining will be an enormous user of freshwater reserves.

Reports also reveal that more than 750 different chemicals and compounds are known to have been used in fracking;most of these are not disclosed by the CSG industry. In Australia there is no requirement for CSG companies to say what compounds will be added,and the Australian Petroleum Production and Exploration Association lists only 20 of the chemicals in use in Australia.

However,contamination cases provide some information about what is in the fracking fluid. For example,this year the Queensland government found the toxic chemicals benzene,toluene and xylene in 14 CSG wells run by Arrow Energy.

Much of this fracking fluid is released into the environment during stimulation. Duke University research found the recovery of fracking fluids varies – it  discovered that 20% to 85% of contaminated fracking fluids are not recovered.

Combined,produced water and the recovered drilling fluids amount to enormous quantities of contaminated water that must be managed. Vegetation and surface and ground water are at real risk of being contaminated. The National Water Commission estimates that the Australian CSG industry will extract about 7500 gigalitres (or 7500 billion litres) of co-produced water from underground systems over the next 25 years. To put this in perspective,that’s more than 13 times the capacity of Sydney Harbour.

Furthermore,when water is drawn out of coal seams,it reduces water levels in surrounding groundwater systems. These changes in groundwater quantity reduce fresh water supplies and can damage ecosystems.

Potential will always remain for contamination of aquifers. Not yet widely appreciated and rarely mentioned is the fact that abandoned exploration and production wells (working life of 10 to 20 years) are an ongoing threat – a ticking time bomb for our water supplies. No well-casing or concrete will last forever. No company will monitor and repair wells into the indefinite future. Failure of the concrete exposes the steel casing to ground water which will corrode the steel that is otherwise the last barrier preventing movement of water between aquifers and between surface water and lower aquifers. Good water could become contaminated with bad water. If there is residual gas,or if it’s an old exploration well not taken further,failure of the plug will allow methane to escape into the atmosphere. In questioning by Senator Heffernan at the Senate inquiry,the industry has admitted that,no matter how good the engineering,these potentials remain.

Threats to Climate

Methane has a global warming potential 72 – 105 times that of carbon dioxide over a 20 year period. (NASA research suggests the green house impact of methane is significantly higher than accepted by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change in 2007.) Recent research suggests the greenhouse gas benefit of gas relative to coal is undermined by fugitive emissions of methane. Indeed,when it comes to global warming,coal seam gas is worse than coal,over a 20 year period. Support for the CSG industry flies in the face of government commitments to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. NSW should be leading the renewables way,not tagging meekly along behind the fossil fuel industry. Renewables are a cheap alternative when environmental costs are factored in.

Threats to Agriculture and Landscapes

When CSG mining is in full swing,well-heads will be 400 to 900 metres apart. This above ground industrialisation will entail massive land clearing for the well pads and the roads and pipes that will criss-cross farming lands;tanks and/or storage ponds will accompany each well-head. The visual impact will be devastating.

In addition,there is the risk of spillage or deliberate and inappropriate management of the produced water. AGL Energy has already exposed its intentions by dumping hundreds of thousands of litres of contaminated water onto agricultural land rather than trucking it away for treatment.

Such foul treatment of lands reduces property values and impacts on tourism. And in a world where food production is becoming increasingly important,CSG mining will reduce productivity and leave contaminated water and soils for many years beyond its short-term activity and minimal,transient employment opportunities.

De-watering and fracking processes can trigger subsidence and,potentially,mini-earthquakes. Fugitive methane emissions can increase the risk of fire.

Threats to Biodiversity

Preliminary findings of the NSW Scientific Committee recommend listing the Upland Swamps of the Woronora Plateau as an Endangered Ecological Community. The swamps are key habitat for 12 of the region’s most threatened animal species. The threat posed by CSG mining is explicitly recognised by the Scientific Committee,described as having impacts similar to longwall coal mining.

The Southern Sydney Metropolitan Catchment Management Authority (SMCMA) areas contain some of the region’s most pristine parcels of native bushland,and these areas are home to some 80 threatened fauna and flora species. Several vegetation communities have been recognised as endangered ecological communities (EECs) under the Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995.

Quick Facts

  • CSG mining exploration has been approved in the Sydney Catchment Authority (SCA) Special Areas,threatening the supply of high quality drinking water for more than 5 million people. If production follows,fracking or similar stimulation techniques will almost certainly be used.
  • Fracking is being undertaken by AGL in Campbelltown.
  • Mining might also be possible under Engadine and throughout the Sutherland Shire. AGL wants to expand its Camden project into nearby suburban Sydney.
  • Subsidence is a concern for Campbelltown City Council,the National Water Commission and the Sydney Catchment Authority. Subsidence would lower water quality and quantity,and it is made more likely by the existing damage in the region to the Waratah Rivulet and the Cataract and Georges Rivers. The existing subsidence ‘stress’will take years to dissipate. Anything that increases that stress (e.g. de-watering or fracking) must be avoided.

Threats to Human Health

Noise,chemicals released by the mining processes,fine particulates,intrusion onto one’s land and into one’s community,and variable remunerations,and uncertainty all have adverse effects on the physical and mental health of individuals and communities. Helplessness in the face of an industry steam-rolling its way across landscapes and through communities generates stress,divides communities and reduces social cohesion.

A Full Investigation

CSG mining threatens catchments,human health,prime agricultural,high conservation value land,important ecosystems and habitats with land clearing,produced water spillage and leakage,aquifer contamination and draw-down,fracking chemicals,de-watering and fracking-triggered subsidence,mini-earthquakes,and fugitive methane emissions risking fires and compounding climate change. Yet research into the impacts of CSG – particularly in an Australian context – is very limited. CSG mining has been given the green light by state governments,but its full impacts are still unknown.

The CSG industry has a record of accidents,failure,obfuscation and denial that have had negative impacts on communities. The Precautionary Principle of Ecologically Sustainable Development should be applied,as provided for by The Environmental Planning and Assessment Act 1979 (NSW). That is,coal seam gas mining should be excluded from these key areas in the interest of water and food security,conservation and biodiversity. We need an immediate moratorium and a Royal Commission into all aspects of the industry.

This Summary was prepared by Phil Smith and Tony Markham,Stop CSG Sutherland. It is based on research by Jess Moore & Chris Williams,Stop CSG Illawarra (,and material prepared by Peter Turner,Northern Illawarra Sustainability Alliance (,for the submission to the NSW Upper House Enquiry into coal seam gas on behalf of 18 community groups.

Link to Stop CSG Illawarra submission:

Link to the submission supported by 18 groups:

Dowload this document as PDF

November 2011

Money DOES Grow on Trees! Discussing a green economy.

Title:Money DOES Grow on Trees! Discussing a green economy.
Location:Multipurpose Centre –123 Flora Street,Sutherland
Link out:Click here
Description:Professor of Political Economy,Frank Stilwell,and NSW representative to the Australian Greens Economic policy committee,Matthew Drake-Brockman,speak on issues relating to a sustainable economy.
• What is meant by ‘economy’
• What principles should steer economic policy?
• Why economic policy is important to The Greens
• Why is current growth unsustainable?
• What is The Greens’ vision for an ecologically sustainable world?

Please rsvp to Anne ph:0407 314 288 or

(Hosted by the Sutherland Greens.)
Start Time:18:30

NSW “Planning Act Review” Forum

Title:NSW “Planning Act Review” Forum
Location:Sutherland United Services Club
Description:Sutherland forums will be held on Tuesday 8 November,at Sutherland United Services Club. Preliminary submissions due Friday 4 November.
The NSW planning system review is currently accepting submissions from all interested parties. Submissions for this first phase of the process must be received by 4 November 2011. The submissionswill be used to help inform an issues paper to be published in early December 2011.
People making submissions and/or attending an open forum are asked to give consideration to the following four key areas:
What should be the underpinning objectives and philosophy of a new legislative structure?
How should plan making be undertaken –at what levels and what are the types of plans that should be made;what participatory rights should exist during the plan making process;how should the plans that are made give effect to the philosophy and objectives underpinning the legislative framework;and what other instruments and the like should be used?
How should applications for proposals for development be assessed and determined – including whether or not there should be different streams for different types of development proposals;who should make the decisions and at what level should those decisions be made;and what external rights for participation in the assessment system should be provided for other persons or interest groups?
What shouldbe the availability of conciliation,mediation,neutral evaluation,review or appeal from determinations concerning development proposals and at what stages during the assessment and determination process should they be able to be accessed and by whom?
Sutherland Shire forums will be held on Tuesday 8 November,at Sutherland United Services Club. There is no need to RSVP or register. Preliminary submissions due 4 November
Start Time:15:00
End Time:17:00

Start Time:18:00
End Time:19.30

Stop The Sharks Development

Before and After,view from the east (publicly available image,

There is currently an application before the NSW Department of Planning to redevelop the Cronulla Sharks Site.

The proposal is a mix of new retail,commercial and residential buildings,as well as a redevelopment of the current Cronulla-Sutherland Leagues Club.

A very good website has been put together listing many of the community concerns about this proposals and providing means of voicing those concerns.

For archival material on previous campaigns,please visit

Sutherland Shire BUG

Visit website or contact convenor.